Your lesson procedure is an in-depth explanation of how the lesson will progress in the classroom.
The lesson procedure is essentially step-by-step instructions that walk you through everything from the time students enter the classroom until the bell rings at the end of the period.
It is best to be very detailed in this portion of your lesson plan. After all, there will be cases when another teacher or substitute needs to fill in for you!
When writing your lesson procedure, you need to choose the type of activities that will help students meet the lesson objectives.
In order to do this, ask yourself the following list of questions;
- How will you introduce the topic?
- What’s the best way to teach this information to your students?
- How can you incorporate problem solving and critical thinking?
- What real-life scenarios relate to this topic?
- Does this topic lend itself to group work?
Collaboration is always a great idea; use the opportunity to find out how other teachers address the topic(s) in their classrooms. You can do this by talking to coworkers, joining an online community, or searching for lesson ideas on educational blogs.
After writing out a rough draft of your lesson procedure, many teachers outline it according to a specific teaching strategy.
With the NSC, the 5Es and 4Cs are recommend for teachers’ use:
The 5Es are an instructional model encompassing the phases Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate, steps which educators have traditionally taught students to move through in phases.
- Engage: Activity to hook/grab students interest
- Explore: Activity for students discover and explore concept
- Explain/Learn & Practice: Direct instruction of concept/students apply their discoveries
- Elaborate/Reflect: Students review what they’ve learned/extend and apply learning to new situation(s).
- Evaluate/Reinforce: Students apply their knowledge to problem-solving scenarios/use of formative & summative assessment to gauge students’ learning
Phase 1 – Engage
In the Engage phase, you open your lesson with an activity (video, audio, slide show etc.) or question meant to engage students, snag their interest, and offer the opportunity for them to share what they already know on the subject.
This phase might include helping them make connections between their preexisting knowledge base and the new ideas that will come down the pipeline in the lesson or unit.
Many educators use traditional KWL charts, in which students list what they already know and what they want to learn during this step. At the end of the lesson, students go back to this chart to list what they learned.
Phase 2 – Explore
This phase of your lesson allows you to introduce the objectives of the lesson and gives students the opportunity to discuss key concept they should know.
After engage comes explore, in which students carry out hands-on activities. Through their experiments or other interactions with the material, they deepen their understanding of the content.
This portion of your lesson procedure may entail an icebreaker activity to get students thinking about a new concept.
In other cases, you might introduce the information by using a presentation to lecture while your students take notes.
Ultimately, the strategy you use in the Explore phase will depend on the topics you’ll be teaching and your students’ prior knowledge.
Phase 3 – Explain – Learn & Practice
In this phase your students will work both independently and with your guidance to get into the details of your lesson.
Once they’ve explored, students attempt to explain what they have learned and experienced with help from the teacher – who only then explains concepts or terms encountered during exploration.
If you use a textbook as your main curriculum resource, your students can read through an assigned passage to take notes or complete a worksheet.
If you use a digital curriculum system, it’s the perfect time for students to work through the digital lessons and guided notes.
You may also incorporate a class activity, group work, or skills practice to further engage your students in what they’re learning.
Overall, this phase will make up the bulk of your lesson time, so be sure to detail everything out in your lesson procedure!
Phase 4 – Elaborate/Reflect
In this phase, students will look back (and reflect on) what they’ve learned in the lesson.
From there, students elaborate on their understanding, applying what they’ve learned to new situations to deepen their skills.
Most often, teachers lead a class discussion with critical thinking questions for students to answer aloud or in their class journal.
It’s important to list the questions you plan to ask within the lesson procedure, to make sure you don’t forget anything!
Phase 5 – Evaluate/Reinforce
In the Evaluation phase, students will apply what they’ve learned through critical thinking activities.
In this final phase, students evaluate, reflecting on and providing evidence of their new understanding of the material.
Depending on the lesson, you may want students to complete these tasks individually or as part of a group.
This portion of the lesson procedure helps you gauge if your students will achieve the lesson objectives and often tie in with the assessment method!
The four C’s of 21st Century skills are considered to be the most important:
- Critical thinking – this is the practice of solving problems, among other qualities.
- Creativity – this is the practice of thinking outside the box.
- Collaboration – this is the practice of working together to achieve a common goal.
- Communication – this is the practice of conveying ideas quickly and clearly.
These four skills are essential for modern students to succeed in school and the workplace.
They often make the biggest impact in terms of setting your students apart when applying for and starting their careers.