Lesson planning is a teacher’s guide/road map of what students need to learn and how it will be done effectively during the class time. Designing appropriate learning activities and developing strategies to obtain feedback on student learning is essential when planning a lesson. Having a carefully constructed lesson plan for each lesson allows you to enter the classroom with more confidence and maximizes your chance of having a meaningful learning experience with your students.
A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction or “learning trajectory” for a lesson. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning. Details will vary depending on the preference of the teacher, subject being covered, and the needs of the students. There may be requirements mandated by the school system regarding the plan. A lesson plan is the teacher’s guide for running a particular lesson, and it includes the goal, how the goal will be reached and a way of measuring how well the goal was reached.
Planning for lessons is a process that involves 3 stages:
- Pre-planning (before writing the plan): At this stage, you think about what to include in the lesson; selecting resources while considering the lesson objectives and students’ needs.
- Writing the plan: This is the stage of writing the lesson plan following a given template.
- Post-Planning: This concerns how you revise your plan and remember the main points of your plan. It also includes reviewing your plan and making the necessary decisions to refine it more.
A lesson plan is a teacher’s daily guide for what students need to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured.
Lesson plans help teachers be more effective in the classroom by providing a detailed outline to follow each class period.
This ensures every bit of class time is spent teaching new concepts and having meaningful discussions — not figuring it out on the fly!
The most effective lesson plans have six key parts:
- Lesson Objectives
- Related Requirements
- Lesson Materials
- Lesson Procedure
- Assessment Method
- Lesson Reflection
Because each part of a lesson plan plays a role in the learning experience of your students, it’s important to approach them with a clear plan in mind.
Successful lesson planning addresses and integrates three key components:
- Learning Objectives
- Learning activities
- Assessment to check for student understanding
A lesson plan provides you with a general outline of your teaching goals, learning objectives, and means to accomplish them, and is by no means exhaustive. A productive lesson is not one in which everything goes exactly as planned, but one in which both students and instructor learn from each other. You may refer to an example of a lesson plan here.